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Monday, 6 May 2013

Selecting the best synthetic Compressor oil.

Why is selecting the best synthetic compressor oil so important?

With the widespread use of dynamic, reciprocating and rotary compressors it’s not always easy choosing the best synthetic compressor oil for the application.

Lubrication requirements vary considerably, depending not only on the type of compressor but also the gas which is being compressed. In general, air and gas compressors are mechanically similar.

Thus, the main difference is in the effect of the gas on the lubricant
and the compressor components. The lubricant plays a role in preventing wear, sealing, minimizing reactions with the gas, and preventing corrosion.

Refrigeration and air conditioning compressors require special consideration because of the recirculation of the refrigerant and mixing of the oil with that refrigerant.

Factors to consider when choosing the best synthetic compressor oil.

To combat all these stressors, a synthetic compressor oil needs several defenses. Oxidation and thermal stability are very important - along with corrosion inhibitors, detergents, demulsifying agents and foam suppressors - to increase the life of the machinery.

As mentioned, not only does compressor design have an effect on lubricant selection, so does the gas being compressed. The following are the four popular categories of compressed gases: air, hydrocarbon, chemically active and chemically inert. Dependent upon these categories, special considerations must be made when selecting the correct compressor oil. At the very least, all should have the following:
  • Long life without the need for changeout (high oxidation stability) 
  • Prevention of acidity, sludge and deposit formation 
  • Excellent protection against rust and corrosion, even during shutdown 
  • Good demulsibility to shed water that enters the lubrication system 
  • Easy filterability without additive depletion 
  • Good foam control 

Three Synthetic compressor oil Options.

Because of the system stressors and quality needed to combat them, synthetic lubricants are preferred. The three popular synthetics are polyalkylene glycol (PAG), esters (diester and polyolester) and polyalphaolefin (PAO).

PAGs offer the ability to dissolve sludge and deposits, burn without leaving residues when degraded, have a low solubility with hydrocarbons, and have good hydrolytic stability. Their downfall is that they absorb vast amounts of water and have very poor compatibility with mineral and PAO oils.

Esters have a very high detergency and solvency, making them excellent at dissolving sludge and deposits. They are compatible with mineral and PAO oils, and most seal and gasket materials. However, they also absorb moisture from the air and are hydrolytically unstable at high temperatures.

PAOs are most similar to minerals, so they are very compatible. They also are generally compatible with seals and gasket materials. They offer excellent hydrolytic stability, low water solubility and poor solvency. Because of this poor solvency, they should be avoided in applications where high discharge temperatures are present. They have a tendency to form deposits in these situations.

How to select the best synthetic compressor oil.

There are many variables when selecting the best synthetic compressor oil. It is not as easy as simply selecting the product denoted as "compressor lubricant".

With all the variables that need to be taken into account it’s best to call on the professionals when selecting synthetic compressor oil. At Habot Synthetic lubricants we have both the expertise and products to ensure the best solution for your synthetic compressor oil requirements.


Ninninonline said...

Thanks for sharing this post..From this post all can know about how to select the best synthetic compressor oil

Osoolusa said...

Very Useful Information!!!!!!Nice Post

rentonholidayinn said...

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Ricambicellulari said...

This Video has been clear view for selecting best synthetic compressor oil.

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